By Ashok Sharma | AP
NEW DELHI, India, 17 August 2019
Authorities in Indian-administered Kashmir began restoring landline phone services on Saturday after a nearly two-week security crackdown and news blackout following a decision to downgrade the majority-Muslim region’s autonomy.
Administrator Shahid Choudhary said restrictions were being lifted in most areas and government offices would open sometime Saturday. He also said on Twitter that food and other supplies were available “in abundance.”
Police in Kashmir said restrictions on movement of people were relaxed in several parts of the region. “Situation remains peaceful,” they said on Twitter.
Rohit Kansal, another administrator, told reporters that public transport buses had started operating in some rural areas. He also said cellphone and internet services had resumed in some districts, but news reports said that happened only in the Hindu-dominated Jammu region, which was not threatened by anti-India protests.
Security forces that blanketed the region remained on high alert after hundreds of people took to the streets for an anti-India protest following Friday prayers in Srinagar, the main city in the region.
The government imposed the lockdown to avoid a violent reaction to its decision on Aug. 5 to downgrade the autonomy of the region. Both India and Pakistan claim the Himalayan region, which is divided between the nuclear-armed rivals. The decision by the Hindu-led government in New Delhi has raised tensions with Pakistan and touched off anger in the Indian-controlled portion of Kashmir.
The UN Security Council met to discuss Kashmir for the first time in decades, and Pakistan’s UN ambassador said the session showed that people in the region “may be locked up … but their voices were heard today.” The council took no action during the closed meeting, which was called for by China and Pakistan.
President Donald Trump spoke with Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan by phone on Friday and conveyed the importance of India and Pakistan reducing tensions through dialogue, said White House spokesman Hogan Gidley.
Khan welcomed the Security Council meeting, saying on Twitter that “addressing the suffering of the Kashmiri people and ensuring resolution of the dispute is the responsibility of this world body.”
According to Pakistani Foreign Minister Shah Mahmood Qureshi, Trump said he would also talk to Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
The Press Trust of India news agency said Saturday that landline services in 17 of more than 100 telephone exchanges had been made operational in Srinagar. The landline connections were also restored in some other parts of the region, PTI said.
A senior Indian official in Kashmir, BVR Subrahmanyam, said earlier that schools would reopen on Monday. Public transport will be restored gradually after evaluating the security situation, he said.
On Friday, hundreds of demonstrators in Srinagar carried green Islamic flags and signs reading “Stop genocide in Kashmir, wake up world.” Some threw stones and clashed with security forces, which responded with tear gas.
Modi, who leads a Hindu nationalist government, has defended the Kashmir changes as freeing the territory from separatism, and his supporters have welcomed the move. One of the revisions allows anyone to buy land in Indian-controlled Kashmir, which some Kashmiris fear could change the region’s culture and demographics. Critics have likened it to Israeli settlements in Palestinian territories.
India and Pakistan have fought two wars over control of Kashmir since they won independence from British colonialists in 1947. India accuses Pakistan of arming and training insurgents who have been fighting for Kashmir’s independence from India or its merger with Pakistan since 1989. Pakistan says it only provides moral and diplomatic support to rebels.